When a dangerous program gains access to your PC, it can affect the functionality of your computer or
bring it to a stop. Common computer threats include adware and malware, among numerous other
attacks meant to steal crucial data and cause destruction to your system.
Whether you use your computer for work or personal needs, you need to find modern methods of
protecting it from these threats that become more malicious by the day. Here is everything you need to
know about common computer security threats and how to protect your computer.
PC Security Risks Facing Users
Public Wi-Fi networks are commonly used for network spoofing security threats. In a typical network
spoofing attack, a hacker creates fake access points that mimic legitimate networks to lure reckless
users into connecting to the network. Once you log in to this network, the hacker gains access to your
computer traffic and data.
Computer viruses are malicious programs meant to replicate and infect computer programs, rendering
them non-functional. A virus attaches itself to a computers’ downloaded files, making it easy to access a
computer when a virus starts to work in the background.
In a typical phishing attack, a hacker creates an imitation website and email. Often, phishing emails
include words that create a sense of urgency for the recipient to trick them into disclosing personal login
data or personal information.
In the phishing email, a user is threatened with account closure or is notified of an account hack and
urged to change login details by clicking on a provided link. Once you enter your details, the hacker
steals them and takes over your legitimate account.
How to protect your devices
Invest in an antivirus
Antivirus protects your PC against harmful programs meant to slow down the device, compromise data,
cause a crash, take over your computer or spread spam. Antivirus programs scan computers periodically,
looking for viruses and getting rid of them before they cause functionality issues in the PC.
Get a password manager
A password manager creates and saves unique passwords for all your accounts, taking away the need to
memorizing any of them.
Always choose unique passwords for all your online accounts and avoid storing your passwords in the
Use a VPN
A VPN guarantees anonymity online. A VPN for PC creates a secured tunnel for data exchanged between
your computer and the World Wide Web. This way, your data remains protected and encrypted, even
when using public Wi-Fi networks.
Enable two-factor authentication (2FA)
When you enable 2FA, anyone trying to access your computer files or accounts is required to present a
set of codes after the password, usually delivered to an authenticator app or mobile device. Without this code, it is not possible to access an account, even with a compromised password. This is why 2FA is highly recommended.
While you cannot achieve 100% immunity against threats, following the security guidelines above will
boost PC security and make you a harder target for hackers.